Culms in clump, erect, crown usually out arching to 20 m tall. Nodes dipping, nodal internodes gabrous green up to 49 cm long, to 8,25 cm diameter, culm wall 3.0 cm thick at the base, becoming thinner towards the top. Culm sheaths orange young, 30 cm long, back covered with loose, stiff, dark brown hairs, caducous at maturity; auricles on either side of the tip bear stiff curved bristles on their edges; ligules stiff, to 5 mm high, middle tallest and shortly fringed outer parts with stiff bristles of 12 mm long; blades to 15 cm long x 1.5 cm wide, narrowly laceolate, those of basal and apical sheaths erect, those of the middle ones horizonal to reflexed, outer surface glabrous, the inner with short, appressed bristles, margin entire to undulate fimbriate. Leaves 8 or more at the apical portion of each branch; blades linear-lanceolate, 15-20 cm x 1.5-2.0 cm wide, base rounded, margin scabrous, trip narrowly acute; petiole 2.0-5.0 mm long; sheath 2.5-5.0 cm long; auricle small, bearing few bristles; ligule truncate, fimbriate along the margin.
Commonly planted in settled areas at low and medium altitudes.
Top to bottom of culms used for musical instruments. Culms used in building construction and in the manufacture of furniture, farm equipment, kitchen utensils, rope, hats, etc. Also produces excellent pulp for papermaking. Young shoots edible.
Distinguishing Field Characters
Science in a creative industry.
The DOST-FPRDI has a Bamboo Musical Instruments Innovation R&D program aimed at improving the quality of locally-made bamboo musical instruments (BMIs) through science and innovative technologies. The program seeks to standardize the production of selected BMIs, develop prototype designs, analyze raw material sources and existing markets, and build a BMI processing facility. In addition, the program aims to document the ethnocultural story behind several BMIs and identify the bamboo species used in BMI production to promote public awareness and appreciation of the cultural importance of these musical instruments. The program is a collaboration with the University of the Philippines and Philippine Normal University for teaching modules and analyzing sound quality and standardization of BMI design. The DOST Grants-in-Aid program provides funding.