Kauayang-tinik (Tag.); kauayang-totoo (Tag.); aonoo (Bik.); batakan (Bis.); bangin (Pamp.) dagian (Bik., Bon., C. Bis., Ilk.,
Pamp., P. Bis., Sub., Sul., Tag.); kauayang-dig (Sbl.); kauayang- siitan (Ilk.); kabugauan (Bik.); lamuna (Is.); marurugi (Bik.); pagsinga (lbn., Is.); pana (Bis.); rugian (Bik.).
Culms in clump, erect, crown usually out arching to 20 m tall. Nodes dipping, nodal internodes gabrous green up to 49 cm long, to 8,25 cm diameter, culm wall 3.0 cm thick at the base, becoming thinner towards the top. Culm sheaths orange young, 30 cm long, back covered with loose, stiff, dark brown hairs, caducous at maturity; auricles on either side of the tip bear stiff curved bristles on their edges; ligules stiff, to 5 mm high, middle tallest and shortly fringed outer parts with stiff bristles of 12 mm long; blades to 15 cm long x 1.5 cm wide, narrowly laceolate, those of basal and apical sheaths erect, those of the middle ones horizonal to reflexed, outer surface glabrous, the inner with short, appressed bristles, margin entire to undulate fimbriate. Leaves 8 or more at the apical portion of each branch; blades linear-lanceolate, 15-20 cm x 1.5-2.0 cm wide, base rounded, margin scabrous, trip narrowly acute; petiole 2.0-5.0 mm long; sheath 2.5-5.0 cm long; auricle small, bearing few bristles; ligule truncate, fimbriate along the margin.
Commonly planted in settled areas at low and medium altitudes.
Top to bottom of culms used for musical instruments. Culms used in building construction and in the manufacture of furniture, farm equipment, kitchen utensils, rope, hats, etc. Also produces excellent pulp for papermaking. Young shoots edible.